In the Letter of James the elders of the Church are entrusted with the responsibility of anointing the sick. This is a sacrament for the sick, and with the offering of prayer the sick person is forgiven and healed.
The English word 'heal' means 'to be made whole.' Sometimes, the Sacrament of Anointing can make a great difference to a person's recovery from a bodily ailment. At other times, the person may not recover. But an absence of a physical cure does not mean that God is not working, for the process of wholeness is a process of restoration of the right relationship with God, with neighbour, with one self and with all of creation. Those who receive this sacrament invariably experience a great sense of peace.
Every year in Holy Week, the Bishop celebrates a mass of the holy oils. With the oil of catechumens and the oil of chrism (the oil used in baptism and confirmation), the oil of the sick is consecrated at a special service. Priests take small amounts of the three oils so that the can use them as the minister amongst their people. At church, in homes and in hospitals, a priest celebrates this sacrament by making the sign of the cross on the forehead and the hands of the sick person with the holy oil. It is to be administered for any illness, and not merely for those who are dying.