The Sacrament of Reconciliation is the declaration of God's forgiveness made by a priest to a person who has made confession of sin. It is encouraged in the Book of Common Prayer, and it is an important part of Anglican spirituality. The Liturgy of the Church provides an order of service, and a time is advertised for people to come to the Church to make confession.
Confession is confidential, and the priest is not permitted to divulge the information that is shared by the penitent (the person making the confession). The penitent is encourage to speak simply and honestly, and if there is a matter that is a crime the penitent is encouraged to contact the police. Away from the confessional the priest is subject to the same requirements for divulging criminal information that apply to other people.
The Sacrament of Reconciliation is fourfold. First, the penitent is asked to examine their conscience and own up to their failure to love God and neighbour. Secondly, the penitent confesses their sin in the privacy of the confessional. Thirdly, the priest exercises authority to forgive sin. The last part of the Liturgy is an act of penance. This is not regarded as punishment but as an act whereby the teaching of Christ is reinforced. Sometimes the penitent is asked to read a passage of scripture, offer a particular prayer, or perform a good work that will help another person.